New ISB in Mohali

July 26th, 2008


Four top industrialists are joining hands to establish a new Indian School of Business in Mohali. What is most interesting is that it would have a specialist healthcare management center,

The business leaders will invest either in their individual capacities or through their companies. The campus will include four centres—for healthcare management, public policy , manufacturing sciences and infrastructure . The healthcare management centre will be named after Max India, public policy centre after the Bharti Group, manufacturing centre after the Hero Group and infrastructure centre after Punj Lloyd.[link]

With corporatization of hospital sector picking up pace, India will need more healthcare managers in future.

Reforming Higher Education-1

June 14th, 2008


Setting the agenda

The need for government regulation of higher education is the subject of an interesting debate between Abi and Ravikiran Rao. Abi calls for changes in the regulatory structure to keep out ”crooks, politicians, and thugs” and facilitate the entry of large philanthropic institutions. Ravikiran’s response is to point to blogs: Without an external regulator, readers are able to differentiate between ”good” and ”bad” blogs as technology permits readers to avoid blogs which they may find uninteresting. Abi points out, quite persuasively, that the example of blogs would not be applicable to higher education: Students cannot sample different institutions and then decide which one may best fit their interests–the opportunity cost is simply too high. 

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Subsidies Pushing Up Oil Demand in Asia?

June 2nd, 2008

Philip Bowring argues that high oil subsidies in Asian countries have helped increased the demand for oil by shielding consumers from real prices,

All this is widely known. What is not talked about is the impact that these subsidies are having on demand for oil. As it is, developing Asia accounts for only about 20 percent of global oil consumption. But the more important statistic is that Asian countries account for about two thirds of the annual increase in global oil demand and an even higher percentage of the increase in imports. Most of the rest of the increase comes from oil exporters like Russia and the Middle East, where prices are low and economies booming. Oil consumption in the developed world is declining slowly.

With developing Asia now consuming about 17 million barrels a day – and that figure rising by about 1 million ever year – the key question is: How much additional demand has been created by these oil subsidies?

There is no accurate way to measure how sensitive demand is to rising oil prices across this diverse group of countries. But the difference between oil at $65 a barrel and oil at $130 a barrel could well limit demand by at least 1.5 million barrels a day.

As far as India is concerned, two points would be in order: a) It is only in the least couple of years or so that government is subsidizing petrol. Otherwise, high petrol prices had helped subsidize kerosene and Diesel in the name of helping the poor. Second, in direct comparison–forget purchasing parity–petrol is still expensive in India compared to United States. (On average $1.50 a liter compared to roughly $1 in United States.) Indian government may subsidize oil but it imposes a host of taxes too. 

On a side note, how to beat the high oil prices

Obese Contribute to Global Warming?

May 18th, 2008

A letter in the Lancet which holds obesity as a contributory factor for global warming has sparked off a controversy

Compared with the normal weight population, the obese population consumes 18% more food energy. Additionally, more transportation fuel energy will be used to transport the increased mass of the obese population, which will increase even further if, as is likely, the overweight people in response to their increased body mass choose to walk less and drive more[link]

Here is an ABC article on the letter in which one critic points out that far more food is wasted compared to the extra consumed by the obese. However, it must be pointed out that obesity as incidental to their primary argument that a coherent urban transport policy is a must. 

Urban Poor Rely on Quacks

May 12th, 2008

In response to an article Economist, Policy Wise has previously argued that banning quacks is not a viable solution to urban health crisis. Quacks exist because of the poor quality government dispensaries and primary health centers even in large cities.

A new survey conducted in a Delhi slum shows exactly that,

The study, conducted by doctors from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) during 2004-08 in a South Delhi slum, found that of the 207 households, only two preferred to visit the government dispensary located four kilometres from the settlement. The others felt that non-qualified medical practitioners are more humane, more communicative and offer more payment options for daily wage workers[link] (emphasis added)

This is the state of affairs in South Delhi where apart from numerous government dispensaries, two of India’s premier medical facilities, All India institute of Medical Sciences (A.I.I.M.S0 and Safdarjung Hospital are located. The service delivery mechanism in case of quacks is simply more attuned to local needs.

The need of the hour is not give in to pressure of organized medicine and ban quacks–rather, attempts should be made to co-opt them into the primary health system by means of proper training and constant monitoring and education.

E-diagnosis in Gujarat

May 11th, 2008

Gujarat government has launched a new tele-medicine scheme to provide healthcare in villages,

“Through video conferencing, doctors at a distant hospital will be able to diagnose the villagers for basic ailments and prescribe medicines online. The printout of the prescription will be available at the community service centres set up by the department,” said Vyas.

[link]

With broadband connectivity slated to reach every village in Gujarat within the next two years, this wonderful initiative can help address one of the most important public health problems in India: Addressing shortage of trained physicians in rural India.

India Ignores Children’s Health

May 10th, 2008

A new report by Save the Children has placed India alongside Ghana in providing healthcare to the children, with more than half of children lacking access to basic healthcare.

More than half of Indian children under the age of five do not get the health care they need, according to a report by Save the Children.

It ranks India alongside Ghana when it comes to providing basic health care to its children under five years of age.

The full report (PDF) has two interesting conclusions,

a) Maternal health is intrinsically linked with child mortality rates. India has the dubious distinction of topping the numbers for both under five mortality as well as maternal mortality.

b) Most of the deaths are preventable by low cost solutions like measles vaccines, deliveries by trained professionals e.t.c.

At the risk of making an obvious point, it is not shiny new A.I.IM.S which India or at least her poor need but investment in public health.

Paying for Safe Sex

April 30th, 2008

Based on the Conditional Cash Transfer model, a new anti-AIDS program in Tanzania will offer people money to practice safe sex,

The $1.8m trial – to be launched this year – will counsel 3,000 men and women aged 15-30 in southern rural Tanzania over three years, paying them on condition that periodic laboratory test results prove they have not contracted sexually transmitted infections.

[link]

Will it work? Possibly but a lot will depend upon the adequacy of laboratory facilities for periodic testing and training of staff e.t.c. It is also essential that an educational component be part of the entire program.

Do IIMs Deserve Subsidies?

April 3rd, 2008


A Quick Reality Check

Reality check has criticized the decision of the Indian Institute of Management (A) to raise its tuitions. He calls it an ”outrageous move” and goes as far as to suggest that IIMs should actually decrease their tuition to ”make quality management education accessible to Indians”. This argument has little merit.

First, despite the increase, IIMs are merely recovering the amount they spend on each student. In light of the sixth pay commission recommendations, and in order to compete with other management schools, they need more resources. Inflation has impacted the price of almost every good–why should education be exempt from it?

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Now For Some Autonomy

March 30th, 2008

In a welcome gesture, India’s premier management institute, IIM Ahmadabad, has hiked its tuitions,

The Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIM-A) on Saturday decided to effect a sharp hike in fees for its post graduate programme from next year.

The fees for post graduate programme have been increased to Rs 5.50 lakh for the first year and Rs 6 lakh for the second year of the two year post-graduate programme for the batch joining in June 2008.[link]

IIMA is merely following the lead of other IIMs who have all hiked their tuitions in recent months. Considering that placement in high paying jobs is virtually guaranteed for IIM graduates, there can be absolutely no justification for any subsidies. The IIMs must charge the full price for education from every student with loans extended to financially indigent.

Interestingly enough, the move was opposed by the government nominees in the IIMA board of governors. The essential issue here is of autonomy: As long as the educational institutions remain dependent on the government for money, true autonomy is virtually impossible. That the Board of Governors went ahead with its decision despite government opposition is heartening indeed.